General Dermatology / Acne
Acne is a skin disorder which is the result of hormonal imbalance and some substances like the sebaceous glands and hair follicles leading to clogged pores and resulting acne. Acne most commonly affects the face,neck and trunk. Effective treatment options are available for patients with mild to severe acne and help prevent future scarring.

Causes of Acne
The two most common factors causing Acne are hormones and heredity. The cause of acne is unknown but there are some factors which lead to acne. One of the major causes of acne is increase in hormones known as androgens. This is caused in both boys and girls during puberty and makes the sebaceous glands enlarge and creates more sebum. Another cause of acne is heredity which can be inherited from parents.

Types of Acne
There are various types of acne and they are:
  • Acne Rosacea
  • Acne Cosmetica
  • Acne Vulgaris
  • Acne Fulminans
  • Acne Keloidalis Nuchae
  • Acne Chloracne
  • Acne Medicamentosa

Factors that can make Acne Worse
There are various factors which makes the acne worse and they are:
  • Oil obtained from skin products like cosmetics or moisturizers or grease while working in a kitchen
  • Changing hormone levels in adult women and adolescent girls 2-7 days before their menstrual period start
  • Stress
  • Environmental irritants like high humidity and pollution
  • Hard scrubbing of the skin
  • Pressure from tight collars, sports equipment or helmets and tight sports uniforms

Treatment of Acne
The main goal of the treatment is to stop new lesions from forming, heal existing lesions, minimize embarrassment and stress and prevent scarring.

Treatment for Whiteheads, Blackheads and Mild Inflammatory Acne
People suffering from mild acne can use over the counter or prescription topical medicine to treat acne. This medicine is available in various forms like lotions, gels, pads, soaps and creams. This medicine can be applied directly on the affected areas with acne. There are some side effects also with the use of this medicine such as burning, skin irritation or redness. Some of over the counter topical medicines are:
  • Resorcinol
  • Benzoyl Peroxide
  • Sulfur
  • Salicylic Acid

Treatment of Moderate and Severe Inflammatory Acne
This type of acne can be treated with prescription topical medicines like Oral, Antibiotics topical treatments.